Iran Deserts

Deserts, the Natural Wonders of Iran

Iran is located in west Asia. It borders the Caspian seas from the north. However, from the south it is connected to Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman. Two major mountain ranges pass through the country of Iran. Among these mountains, vast plains are located. These plains occupy one third of Iran. That is why, Iran might be known as the country of plains and deserts even by the people who have never been there.

In this article, we will be introducing the major deserts of Iran. Some of these deserts have been the top touristic natural attractions of Iran. Overall, the deserts of Iran are a main part of the natural wonders of the world. The variety of the landforms, sand types, and structures of Iran deserts are well known all around the world. Still, the beauties of the nature of Iran are not summarized in its deserts. The lakes, waterfalls, mountains, and the UNESCO recognized Hyrcanian Forests are just some of the natural heritage of Iran. Also, we will get more into the details of some of the most visited deserts in Iran.

Iran deserts

Dasht-e Kavir & Lut Deserts

Two of the major deserts of Iran are Dasht-e Kavir and Dasht-e Lut Deserts. These two amazingly vast deserts cover a large part of Iran. Below, we will get more into the details, the wildlife, attractions, and activities you can do in these deserts. We will also be introducing the most touristic deserts of Iran that are within these two main deserts. The vast starry sky and the amazing silence of these deserts are incomparable. Accordingly, these deserts are the main centers of geotourism and Astrological adventures in Iran.

most important deserts

Dasht-e Kavir, the central Desert of Iran

Dasht-e Kavir is famous for being the largest Salted desert in Iran. For that reason, this desert is also called Kavir-e Namak which translates as the Great Salt Desert. Dasht-e Kavir stretches from the southeastern part of the Alborz Mountain Range to the center of the Iranian Plateau. Overall, this central desert covers about an area of 800 by 600 kilometers.

  • Landforms, vegetation, and wildlife of Dasht-e Kavir

The southern and central parts of Dash-e Kavir are covered by swamplands. These swamplands are a result of rainfalls on the plain land of this desert. That is why, exploring this deserts needs studying of the frequency of rainfalls over several months. The eastern parts of the desert have the scenery of beautiful sand dunes. Yellow soil and black salts can be seen all over this area.

The Mesas of Dasht-e Kavir are one of the most notable attractions of this desert. These structures are flat-topped hills or ridges that stand higher than their surrounding area. Actually, the Mesas consist of different rock layers. The more resistant layers of rock stand out while the less resistant ones erode down. Severe wind blows also contribute in creating these unique structures. Takht-e Aroos and Takht-e Abbasi are two of the most visited Mesas in Dasht-e Kavir.

The mountainous areas of Dasht-e Kavir are inhabited by Wild Sheep, Persian Leopards, and camels. The famous Persian Gazelle lives in the grassy and dry plains of this desert.

  • Dasht-e Kavir Weather

The hottest temperature of Dash-e Kavir occurs during June and July. The temperature can reach to 6o°C during the day and 25-30°C at night. During the cold seasons of Iran (from December to March), the temperature drops to 13-17°C during the day. However, it drops to 0 and even -7°C at night. The best time to explore Dasht-e Kavir is during spring from April to May. The best time to hike this desert during autumn is from late August to early December.

  • Touristic Attractions of Dasht-e Kavir

Dasht-e Kavir stretches between Khorasan Province, Semnan Province, Tehran Province, Isfahan Province, and Yazd Province. You can visit different regions and deserts of Dasht-e Kavir on your trip to these cities. These cities are among some of the most visited destinations on tourists’ list. Below, we will get more into the details of the deserts and attractions of Dasht-e Kavir. For a tour to these Desert and its surrounding cities and villages you can check out Travelopersia Tour Packages.

important Deserts

Maranjab Desert

Rig-e Jenn

Mesr Desert

Bafgh desert

Varzaneh Desert

Halvan Desert

Salt Lake & Sargardan Island

National Parks of Dasht-e Kavir

Dasht-E Lut, the Hottest Point on Earth

Dasht-e Lut or Lut desert is in the southeastern part of Iran. Lut Desert as one of the largest desert in the world, covers about an area of 320 by 160 kilometers. Lut in Persian means a land without water and vegetation. Several mountains surround Lut desert. For that reason, frequent rainfalls and high temperatures can be seen in this area. This desert was the first natural wonder of Iran that was inscribed on the UNESCO Natural World Heritage List. Accordingly, Lut Desert is globally known as one of the hottest points on earth. Also, Lut desert is greatly famous for its series of landforms.

Lut Desert
  • Landforms, vegetation, and wildlife of Lut Desert

To talk about the various landforms of Lut Desert it should be considered that this desert is divided into three parts. These parts include the Northern Lut, the Southern Lut, and the Central Lut. The Central Lut is covered by hills and sand dunes.

Huge sand-seas are scattered around the southern and eastern parts of the desert. The largest sand dunes in the world can also be seen in this area. A variety of dune shapes from linear, star, and funnel are of the attractions of this desert.

The most famous landforms of this desert are known as Kaluts (huge natural structures rising from the ground) and Yardangs. Yardangs are massive shaped ridges. It has been said that Yardangs are so impressively huge that they can be seen from the space. Lut Desert’s Nebkha dunes (vegetated, sandy mound) fields with 12 meters of height are among the tallest Nebkha dunes in the world. Evaporated salt landforms and many other dry-land landforms are among the most impressive attractions of this desert.

  • Lut Desert Weather

As mentioned before, Lut Desert is considered as one of the hottest and driest spots on earth. The hottest region of Lut Desert is called Gandon Beryan meaning ‘’burned wheat’’. This area is covered with volcanic ash. The best time to hike Lut Desert is during spring from April to May and autumn from late August to early December. During these months the temperature is mild during the day. Severe winds occur from June to October. From December to March the nightly temperatures are rather low and drop below zero.

  • Touristic Attractions of Lut Desert

Dasht-e Lut or Lut Desert stretches between the three historic provinces of Kerman, Sistan and Baluchestan, and South Khorasan. Below, we will be introducing one of the most touristic deserts of Dasht-e Lut which you can explore on your Iran trip.

important Desert

Shahdad Desert

One of the most famous regions of Lut desert is Shahdad Desert. This Desert is known for its world famous Kaluts. This is why, this mysterious region was recognized by UNESCO as a natural World Heritage site. This Desert is located within few kilometers of the Historic city of Kerman. While hiking through this wonderful desert, you can enjoy the natural phenomena of Shahdad. The huge rising structure of Kaluts, Yardangs, and Vase shaped Sand dunes, and tall Nebka trees are few of these natural wonders. Egg Hills, Salt River, and an old Caravanserai are also of the unique attractions of Shahdad Desert

While traveling to the historic city of Kerman, you can make your way to Shahdad Desert. On your way to this desert, you can also visit the UNESCO recognized Rocky village of Meymand and Sirch Village. You can spend the night in Eco-camps in Shahdad desert.

 

The Desert Map

Customized Desert Tour Packages of Travelopersia

All in all, the deserts of Iran, each are a part of the many wonders of this country. A trip to Iran would not be complete without adding a desert adventure. For a tour to these Deserts and their surrounding cities and villages you can check out Travelopersia Tour Packages.