Why you need to learn Persian language?

The majority of the population speaks the Persian (Farsi) language, which is also the official language of the country. There are also some other dialects spoken by people around Iran. Azeri, Luri, Baluchi, Kurdish, Arabic and etc…, are the languages people speak in different part of the country. Armenian, Georgian, and Neo-Aramaic are also minority languages spoken by people.

How about learning some Persian greetings before traveling to Iran? Whether you want to get a taxi, pay for your dinner or talk to the local people and interact with Iranians, you will need to know some Persian. For sure you will meet lots of Iranians who come to you to have a chat and maybe even hang out together. Remember, Modern Persian and Farsi are the same language. The fact is that learning Persian language is not quite as easy for many people since the grammar structure is different to what they know and what they have been taught. Most of the Persian/Farsi alphabet is similar to the Arabic alphabet and there are lots of similar words in both languages. However, these two languages, are totally different due to the different grammar structure.

Let’s Start!

In Persian language, the grammar is much simpler than Latin and Arabic and this simplicity makes it more complicated for non-natives to understand! For example, Persians use only one pronoun for “He”, “She” and “It”! You can also easily switch to simpler forms of verbs whenever it is needed.

All right, let’s forget about the grammar. There are a couple of Persian phrases you might need while traveling to Iran and talking to Iranians. Here is a list of common, survival and useful Persian greetings and phrases written in English and Persian. The pronunciation is also included. Most of the sentences below are used for everyday conversations, so they might come in handy if you memorize them.

Greetings!

 

English Persia فارسی
HelloSalamسلام
GoodbyeKhodahafezخداحافظ
See you later!Badan mibinametبعدا می بینمت
Good morning!Sobh bekheirصبح به خیر
Good afternoonZohr bekheirظهر به خیر
Good evening!Asr bekheirعصر به خیر
Good nightShab bekheirشب به خیر
Good night and sweet dreams!Shab bekheir va khab haye khoob bebiniشب به خیر و خواب های خوب ببینی
Welcome!Khosh amadidخوش آمدید
How are you?Shoma chetor hastid?شما چطور هستید؟
I’m fine, thanks!Man khoobam, motshakeramمن خوبم، متشکرم
And you?Shoma chetor?شما چطور؟
GreatAliعالی
GoodKhoobخوب
Not badBad nistamبد نیستم
Thank youMotshakeramمتشکرم
Excuse meMibakh’shidمی بخشید
You’re welcome!Khahesh mikonamخواهش می کنم
What’s new? What’s up?Che khabar?چه خبر؟
Nothing muchKhabari nistخبری نیست

Asking for Help and Direction

 

EnglishPersianفارسی
I’m lostMan gom shodamمن گم شدم
Can you help me?Mitoonid komakam konid?می تونید کمکم کنید؟
Where is the (bathroom/ pharmacy)?Dastshooyi/ Darookhane kojast?دستشویی/ داروخانه کجا است؟
Straight/ Left/ RightMostaghim/ Chap/ Rastمستقیم/ چپ/ راست
I’m looking for John.Man donbale John migardamدنبال جان می گردم
Can you show me?Mishe neshoonam bedid?میشه نشونم بدهید؟
Can you say it again?Mishe tekrar konid?میشه تکرار کنید؟
Can you speak slowly?Mishe aheste sohbat konid?میشه آهسته صحبت کنید؟
Write it down, please!Benevisid lotfanبنویسید لطفا
I don’t understand!Motvajeh nemishavamمتوجه نمی شوم
I don’t know!Nemidanamنمی دانم
I have no idea!Nazari nadaramنظری ندارم
What’s it called in Persian?Be farsi che mishavad?به فارسی چه می شود؟
What does “ketab” mean in English?“Ketab” be englisi che mishavad?کتاب” به انگلیسی چه می شود؟”
How do you say “Please” in Persian?“Please” be Farsi che mishavad? به فارسی چه می شود؟”please”
What time is it?Saat chand ast?ساعت چند است؟
It’s 4Saat 4 astساعت 4 است
How much is it?Gheimatash chand ast?قیمتش چند است؟

How to Introduce Yourself

English Persian فارسی
Do you speak (English/ Farsi)?Aya Farsi/ Englisi sohbat mikonid?آیا فارسی/ انگلیسی صحبت می کنید؟
What’s your name?Esme shoma chist?اسم شما چیست؟
My name is …Esme man … …. اسم من
Mr/ MrsAgha/ Khanoomآقا/ خانم
Boy/ GirlPesar/ Dokhtarپسر/ دختر
Nice to meet you!Khosh vaghtam!!خوش وقتم
How old are you?Chand sal darid?چند سال دارید؟
I’m twenty years oldBist sal daramبیست سال دارم

Useful words and phrases

 

EnglishPersianفارسی
Good luck!Movafagh bashidموفق باشید
Happy birthday!Tavalodat mobarakتولدت مبارک
Happy new year!Sale no mobarakسال نو مبارک
Congratulations!Tabrik migooyamتبریک می گویم
Bless you (when sneezing)Afiat bashadعافیت باشد
No Problem!Masaleyi nistمسئله ای نیست
GoodKhoobخوب
BadBadبد
BigBozorgبزرگ
SmallKoochakکوچک
Just a littleKamiکمی
TodayEmroozامروز
NowAlanالان
TomorrowFardaفردا
YesterdayDiroozدیروز
YearSalسال
MonthMahماه
WeekHaftehهفته
DayRoozروز
NightShabشب
YesBaleبله
NoKheirخیر

Numbers

English012345678910
PersianSefrYekDowSehChaharPanjShishHaftHashtNohDah
فارسی۰۱۲۳۴۵۶۷۸۹۱۰